來源：http://www.king4arab.com/ 日期：2020-10-14 發布人：sanwa8
Many pig farmers deliberately use low-cost, low-quality feed or premix, or replace them with a large number of rapeseed powder, cotton cocoons, etc., in order to save pig costs and reduce losses. In fact, it could be counterproductive. Pig concentrate
為什么會這樣呢？ 主要原因是“育種成本”的概念被誤解了，認為所有投入都是喂養成本，但不一定。 下面我們簡單地看一下如何使用優質飼料來增加收入和降低生產成本。
Why is this? The main reason is that the concept of "breeding cost" has been misunderstood, and that all inputs are feeding costs, but not necessarily. Let's take a brief look at how to use quality feed to increase revenue and reduce production costs.
1. Calculate the daily, weekly and annual feed consumption
根據單位生產的豬的存量，可以在參考每種豬的營養標準計算出全價日糧的日飼料量之后，計算日，周和全年的飼料消耗量。 在考慮了飼料運輸，存儲和加工過程中的正常損失之后，應制定每月（或每季度）的飼料供應和存儲計劃，以便可以在融資方面有針對性，這有利于減少利益流 和飼料。 由于管理原因造成的損失。
Based on the stock of pigs produced per unit, the daily, weekly and annual feed consumption can be calculated after calculating the daily feed amount of full price diet with reference to the nutritional standard of each pig. A monthly (or quarterly) feed supply and storage plan should be developed after taking into account the normal losses during feed transportation, storage and processing so that financing can be targeted, which helps to reduce the flow of benefits and feed. Losses due to management reasons.
2. Do a good job in purchasing
對于沒有質量保證和高水分含量的飼料，他們決定不購買，同時，他們拒絕購買人用飼料。 購買高蛋白飼料，尤其是魚粉時，必須首先檢查并檢查其質量，然后再購買。 否則，如果被欺騙，價格將無法更低。
For feed without quality assurance and high moisture content, they decided not to buy it, and at the same time, they refused to buy human feed. When buying high protein feed, especially fish meal, you must first check and check its quality before purchasing. Otherwise, if cheated, the price will not be lower.
3. Good storage and transportation
飼料入庫前，應保持倉庫干燥且設備齊全。 在整個養殖場應定期清除嚙齒動物，以減少不必要的飼料損失。 在運輸過程中，包裝和裝卸設施應嚴格，以免丟失飼料和飼料進入倉庫，保管人必須首先檢查儲存情況，并測量飼料中的水分含量。 如果超過規定的限制，則必須進行干燥和冷卻。 之后，可以將其保存以防止發霉和變質。
Before the feed is put into storage, the warehouse should be kept dry and well equipped. Rodents should be removed regularly throughout the farm to reduce unnecessary feed loss. In the process of transportation, packaging and loading and unloading facilities should be strict to avoid loss of feed and feed into the warehouse. The keeper must first check the storage and measure the moisture content in the feed. If the specified limits are exceeded, drying and cooling must be carried out. After that, it can be preserved to prevent mildew and deterioration.
4. Preparation and processing of mixed feed
制定全價飼料配方是豬健康成長的可靠保證。 同時，必須嚴格按照配方配置，仔細稱量原料是保證飼料營養水平的關鍵。 為此，養殖場應選擇有強烈責任心的同志來從事整個飼料領域的準備和加工，而不應向育種者倡導將配料混合的方法以自己進行加工和混合。
The formulation of full price feed formula is a reliable guarantee for the healthy growth of pigs. At the same time, it is necessary to strictly follow the formula and weigh the raw materials carefully, which is the key to ensure the nutritional level of feed. Therefore, the farms should choose comrades with strong sense of responsibility to engage in the preparation and processing of the whole feed field, instead of advocating the method of mixing ingredients to breeders, and processing and mixing them by themselves.
In order to prepare breeding pigs, cottonseed, rapeseed cake and other feeds should be used as little or no as possible considering the balance of calcium and phosphorus in order to prevent breeding failure.
5. According to the nutritional needs and climatic characteristics of cattle, formulate diet formula
飼料成本約占養豬總成本的70％，潛力大。 為此，有必要根據豬不同生長階段的營養需要科學地選擇或配制飼料，例如特殊的仔豬，防止斷奶的育苗材料，育苗材料，生長肥育的豬以及泌乳母豬。 此外，應根據季節變化調整飼料配方。 溫度因季節而異，并且對營養的需求因豬而異。 無論是飼料廠推薦還是專家設計的配方，都不可能全年使用。 例如，冬季的高蛋白配方會導致蛋白質浪費，而夏季的高能量配方會導致能量浪費。 如果可以及時調整配方，將整批重量比例從3.5降低到3.4，那么對于一百萬個養豬場來說，飼料每年可以節省90,000公斤。
The cost of feed accounts for 70% of the total cost of pig raising. Therefore, it is necessary to scientifically select or prepare feed according to the nutritional needs of pigs at different growth stages, such as special piglets, breeding materials to prevent weaning, breeding materials for growing finishing pigs and lactating sows. In addition, feed formula should be adjusted according to seasonal changes. Temperature varies from season to season, and the nutritional requirements vary from pig to pig. Neither the formula recommended by feed factory nor designed by experts can be used all year round. For example, high protein formula in winter leads to protein waste, while high energy formula in summer leads to energy waste. If the formula can be adjusted in time to reduce the weight ratio of the whole batch from 3.5 to 3.4, 90000 kg of feed can be saved per year for one million pig farms.